"I cannot accept that I am the only loser in this affair," the cyclist told Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf.
An inquiry led by former Dutch Olympic chief Peter Vogelzang concluded last month that Dutch team Rabobank were right to sack Rasmussen in July because he lied about his training whereabouts before the Tour.
Rasmussen told the newspaper in an interview that the inquiry did not adequately address the roles of Rabobank and the Tour organisers Amaury Sport Organisation.
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"Rabobank paid for it (the inquiry) and therefore it cannot be seen as independent," Rasmussen was quoted as saying.
A Rabobank spokesman said on Sunday it was "nonsense" to suggest that the inquiry was not independent as all such investigations needed to be funded by someone.
"Who else would have commissioned this study," the spokesman said.
In August, Rabobank general director Theo de Rooij resigned from his post, saying he felt he had no alternative after the disappointment of the Tour. He had been involved with the team sponsored by the Dutch financial services group since 1995.
De Telegraaf said Rasmussen might go to court if he could not reach an agreement with Rabobank, which sacked him four days before the Tour's end when he was leading the race.
The Rabobank spokesman said lawyers from both sides were having discussions but added: "We think there is no reason to make a settlement. He has admitted he lied, the Vogelzang committee has concluded that he lied."
Last month, Rasmussen admitted that he had lied about his whereabouts before the Tour by saying he had been in Mexico when the team said he was in Italy, where he has a home.
In an article in De Telegraaf on Saturday, Rasmussen said relationship problems had led to him lying about his whereabouts.
Rasmussen reiterated in Sunday's article that he had never used Dynepo, a biosimilar, or copy, of the banned substance EPO.
In September, the French Anti-Doping Agency said Rasmussen had tested "non-negative" for EPO during this year's Tour but the result of the analysis of Rasmussen's urine sample could not be declared positive for legal reasons.
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