Ireland and Scotland have been drawn in the same pool as defending champions South Africa for the 2023 Rugby World Cup.
England face the potentially tricky dual challenge of Argentina and Japan while three-times winners New Zealand will face hosts France in the pool stage.
Wales will play Australia for the fourth time in five tournaments, with the ever-dangerous Fiji also in that pool.
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Should the groups go to roughly to form France would face a tough quarter-final against the Springboks while England would face Australia or Wales. Ireland, who have never gone beyond the quarter-finals, would look hard-pressed to break that streak as they would face New Zealand.
The form pathway could then produce a repeat of the 2019 semi-finals when England beat New Zealand and South Africa overcame Wales.
Scotland and Argentina would have been in the second tier of seeds on current rankings but, because the seedings were based on positions at the end of last year because of the Covid-ravaged calendar, they were placed in the third level and face a stiff challenge to progress.
World champions South Africa went into the draw having not played a single match since the 2019 final. Their victory in Japan marked the first time a team had won the competition after losing a pool match.
"Although it is still almost three years away, it’s good to have an end-goal to work towards," South Africa coach Jacques Nienaber said.
To be in the same pool as Ireland and Scotland will be a massive challenge, but to win the tournament you have to be able to beat all the teams and we will be properly tested in the pool phases.
New Zealand are the only team never to have lost a pool game. In 2011 they beat France at that stage, then again in the final. They have been paired with Italy for a remarkable seventh time in 10 tournaments - a contributory factor in Italy's tag as the only team to have played in every World Cup but never reached the knockout stages.
The tournament will take place across nine cities from September 8 to October 21, with the final in Paris. The remaining eight qualifiers are yet to be determined and will not be finalised until November, 2022.
French president Emmanuel Macron was present at the draw.
"We cannot wait to get ready for this event," he said. "In 2023, it will be 12 years since we last reached the final. But this time it will be at home so you (the team) figure out a way of winning the Cup. France, who also hosted in 2007, also reached the finals of 1987 and 1999 – continuing the 12-year cycle.
"The Covid-19 crisis is terrible. In 2023, we want to offer what France can offer: the French way of life - friendliness, gastronomy, parties and culture."
Rugby World Cup 2023 pools
- New Zealand
- Americas 1
- Africa 1
- South Africa
- Asia/Pacific 1
- Europe 2
- Europe 1
- Final Qualifier Winner
- Oceania 1
- Americas 2
Additional reporting from Reuters
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